British Journal of Nursing, Vol. 22, Iss. 11, 13 Jun 2013, pp 620
Although rare, bleeding disorders affect large numbers of people and can be acquired (such as in leukaemia) or inherited. Of the inherited bleeding disorders, haemophilia is the most likely to cause significant bleeding. An X-linked disorder of coagulation (affecting males and carried by females) haemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency) or haemophilia B (factor IX deficiency) affects 1:10 000 live births in the UK, resulting in easy bruising, mouth and joint bleeding which can be either spontaneous or caused by trauma.