British Journal of Nursing, Vol. 18, Iss. 14, 23 Jul 2009, pp 865 - 870
The incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) has been significantly reduced by the introduction of the National Service Framework in 2000 but has not yet reached set targets. This article analyses the adverse effects of specific CHD risk factors to the cardiovascular system and proposes local and national strategies for further reduction in the incidence, morbidity and mortality of CHD. It provides an example of how nurses can use a health promotion programme to support patients in giving up smoking, a major contributing factor in CHD. The programme uses cognitive behaviour therapy to improve patients' uptake and adherence.