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David Bartholomew, Elizabeth Collier
British Journal of Nursing, Vol. 11, Iss. 13, 10 Jul 2002, pp 876 - 884

Many studies of research-based practice in nursing highlight factors that impede the development of practice. With the aim of adding to this body of knowledge, a modified grounded theory approach was used in order to understand more about these barriers and how individual nurses utilize research in their practice. A selective sample of five staff nurses from one acute inpatient psychiatric unit took part in semistructured interviews. Three main themes were identified, each with two sub-themes. These were (a) activities to utilize research with (i) a ‘systematic' model and (ii) a 'latent' model of research utilization (b) enhancing research utilization with (i) organizational culture and (ii) individual attitude and knowledge and (c) impeding research utilization with (i) resources (ii) resistance to change. It is suggested that for these nurses research utilization occurs through their individual knowledge, skill and motivation coupled with organizational commitment. Recommendation is made that further investigation of the ‘systematic' and 'latent' models should be carried out. Additionally, it is suggested that these research findings might be used to inform future training, further research-based initiatives and to raise managerial awareness of the impeding factors of research utilization.

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